city in Nigeria

Not to be confused with Benin.

Benin City is one of the oldest cities in Nigeria, dating back to pre-colonial times. It was the capital of one of the most advanced and organised kingdoms in Africa before the arrival of the British. The city used to be the capital of the old Bendel state until this was divided into Edo and Delta states. Benin City is the capital of Edo state, and had a population of about 1.5 million people in 2015.


Areal view of the ancient city of Benin

The original people and founders of the Benin Empire, the Edo people, were ruled by the Ogiso (Kings of the Sky) dynasty from 40 BCE to 1100 CE, who called their land Igodomigodo. The rulers or kings were commonly known as Ogiso. Benin grew rich during the 16th and 17th centuries due to trade within southern Nigeria, as well as through trade with Europeans, mostly in pepper and ivory. In the early 16th century the Oba sent an ambassador to Lisbon, and the King of Portugal sent Christian missionaries to Benin. Many Portuguese loan words can still be found today in the languages of the area.

View of Benin City Palm House

On 17 February 1897, Benin City fell to the British in the "Punitive Expedition", in which a 1,200-strong British force conquered and razed the city after all but two men from a previous British expeditionary force were killed. Until then, Benin City had been known for its impressive architecture, including its city walls that were said to be four times as long as the Great Wall of China, but these were all destroyed by the British in the 1897 expedition. The Benin Bronzes, portrait figures, busts and groups created in iron, carved ivory, and especially in brass, were taken from the city by the British and are displayed in various British museums. Some of the bronzes were auctioned off to compensate for the expenses incurred during the invasion of the city. Various appeals have been made to the British government to return such artifacts. The capture of Benin paved the way for British military occupation and the merging of later regional British conquests into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.

In Benin City, there is a notable house/building known as Palm House which according to records was built by the Military Government of Late Retired General Samuel Ogbemudia, to accommodate ministries and agencies in the 1970s. The name came about as a result of the two or three Palm Trees in front of the buildings. The palm house was then an ultra-modern 12-storey building complex, furnished with elevators, central air-conditioning system and other social amenities that distinctly defined comfort, to give the place an attractive honor to those who were privileged to have it as their work place.

Since Nigeria's independence from British rule in 1960, Benin City has been a regional capital.

Get inEdit

University of Benin Main Gate

1 Benin Airport   BNI IATA is a small airport with a few daily flights from Lagos and Abuja, with Arik Air offering the most flights.

Benin is known for its road transport, so a visitor can get to the city from almost any city in the country. From Lagos it takes about 4 hours to get to Benin, but it's best to travel during the day because the bad roads make the journey a lot longer and stressful. From Port Harcourt, its about 4 hours 30 minutes to Benin. The journey from Port Harcourt is a lot easier because there are better roads on that stretch. The roads in Benin City are not very good and traffic regulations are rarely enforced in this busy city, so hold-ups and traffic jams are common in some parts of the city.

Get aroundEdit

Getting around in Benin isn't too difficult. The roads are fairly well constructed, and the city is well linked and networked. If you come in by air, there are taxis at the airport to take you probably anywhere you wish to go for an affordable price. And if you come in by road and are taken to the terminal of the transport service, you will also find taxis ready to take you anywhere. Taxis and buses are supposed to be painted red or rather wine on their body and yellow on the roof. But there are some buses and taxis that don't obey that code.

Most roads lead to the ring road, so to get to some places, you actually have to get to the ring road and then take another bus or cab to your destination. Moving from one part of town to another is usually done by bus but on some routes, you can also take a taxi. There are no standard bus stops in the city so generally when you are in a commercial vehicle that has reached your destination, you would alert the driver by saying "stop" or "drop", and then he would come to a halt. Don't hesitate to say this as the driver will certainly take you past your destination if you don't.

The city has a very active night life, and getting around at night time is pretty much the same as getting around during the day time, except that some routes become more dangerous at night time, so take precautions.

Apart from buses and taxis you can also get around the city with motor bikes. But the state has a law that bans the movement of commercial motor bikes between 7PM and 6AM.


  • 1 Benin City National Museum (King's Square,CBD). While much of the cultural heritage of Benin has been looted and now resides in British Museum, there are still several interesting artifacts displayed, reflecting the rich history and culture of the Edo people and Benin kingdom.    
Royal Palace of the Oba of Benin
  • 2 Royal Palace of Oba of Benin, Ogogugbo. A UNESCO heritage site, this is the home of the Oba (King) of Benin. The original Kingdom of Benin palace was established around 1255-1280 AD by Oba Ewedo, then rebuilt in 1932. You may not be able to get inside, and you can't see much from the outside due to the exterior fence. It's possible the curators at the museum may know.    
  • 3 Ogbe Zoo, Ogogugbo, +234 8033026283. Daily 11:30-6PM. Here you can have a chance to visit the lion and other animals that look pretty pitiful in their cramped quarters.
  • 4 Ogiamen Palace, Sakpoba Rd, Avbiama. The only building that survived the 1897 British expediton.


  • 1 Okomu National Park (south of Udaken), +234 450241, . This is one of the last patches of undisturbed rainforest in Nigeria, with the possibility of seeing chimps, dwarf crocodiles, warthog, monkeys, African buffalo, and even possibly elephants. Directions are somewhat unclear. It may be best to contact the Nigerian National Park Service at 07069666450 for more details.


Benin City has numerous markets where different items are sold and purchased. Some of these markets include:

  • 1 Agbado Market Benin City, Akpakpava Rd, Avbiama, Benin City. 6AM - 7:55PM.
  • 2 ekiosa market, Ekiosa Market, Second East Circular Road, Avbiama, Benin City. 6AM - 9:45 PM.
  • 3 Oregbeni Market, Benin-Agbor Hwy, Benin City. Open 24 Hours.
  • 4 New Benin Market, New Lagos Rd, Use, Benin City. 6AM - 9PM.
  • 5 Vegetable Market, Airport Rd, Oka, Benin City. 8AM - 8PM.
  • 6 Santana Market, OFF Benin Sapele Rd, Oka, Benin City, +234 708 987 7123. 8AM - 6PM.
  • 2 Mini Market Benin City, University of Ekehuan Campus, Benin, Benin City. 8AM - 6PM.

Suya (Nigerian equivalent of a barbecue) is generally much affordable in Benin City markets.


Edo people love pounded yam and orhe (obgono) soup (draw soup).

  • Kilmanjaro, 121 Benin Sapele Road, oka. 7:30PM - 10PM. Dine-in and Takeaway.
  • Chicken Republic, 55 Airport Rd, Oka, +234 809 016 1485. 7:30PM - 10:30PM. Chicken Republic is a fast food restaurant that offers dine-in, takeaway and delivery service options.
  • Kada fried chicken, Kada plaza, Benin Sapele Road, Oka, +234 811 660 0110. 8AM - 11PM. Customers can either eat here or ask for a takeaway.
  • Royal China Restaurant, 72 Ihama Road, Oka, +234 906 685 0363. 10AM - 10PM. Royal China Restaurant is a Chinese that visitors in Benin city can visit if they want to splurge. The restaurant is located in a serene ambience and has quite amazing scenery.
  • Kateri's Bamboo House, 40 Boundary Road, GRA, toll-free: +234 806 232 1888. 10:30AM - 10PM. Kateri's Bamboo house is a restaurant where customers can enjoy Asian meals, particularly Indian, Chinese and Thai cuisines. They offer dine-in and delivery. Customers can also order online and come pick it up.
  • Victorious Mega Kitchen, 3 Ihama Road, Oka, toll-free: +234 815 359 3998. 24 hours. Dine-in, takeaway and delivery option available 24/7.
  • Naira Grill, 31 country home Road, oka, toll-free: +234 915 527 9412. Mon - Sar 8AM - 10PM, Sun 1PM - 10PM. Dine-in · Takeaway · Delivery.
  • FoodChefe, Sapele road, Oka, toll-free: +234 808 426 2708. Mon - Fri 6AM - 6PM. Dine-in, takeaway and delivery are available.


Palm wine from local palm wine tappers. Bottled palm wine does not taste as good.

  • First Bar Bénin, Country home road, Oka, toll-free: +234 802 330 4748. 24/7. Dine-in and takeaway.
  • Versus Lounge, 18 Guobadia Avenue, Off 1st Ugbor Road, GRA 300102, +234 906 344 7506. 24/7. Dine-in, curbside pickup, delivery and takeaway service options are available.
  • Orhiakhi Bar and Guest House, Oko Central Road, Oka. 7:30AM-11:31PM. Dine-in and takeaway.


  • 1 Randekhi Royal Hotel, 6 Uhenuyi Street (off Ihama Road), +234 52 895036.
  • 2 Kenbrill Hyatt Hotel, 10 Agbonrofo Street (Off Ettete Street).
  • 3 Poshlux Executive Hotel Ltd, Plot 97 George Eremionkhale Ave, off Godwin Abbe Way, Oka. This is like an upscale homestay in a neighbourhood, with pool, bar, restaurant, full breakfast, and a/c. But it might not have wifi. Kind of out there in the outer sprawl of Benin City. ₦18,547.
  • 4 De Brit Hotel, 70 Ihama Rd, Oka, +234 9038800080. Pretty standard offering with pool, hot tub, restaurant/bar. ₦18,925.
  • 5 Morzi Hotels & Suites, Plot 209 Ugbor, By, Ugbor Road, Country Home Rd (southeast quadrant of city), +234 815 900 2022. This multi-storey hotel has a lot of neon but is far from downtown. Free breakfast, restaurant, pool, wifi, a/c, airport shuttle.
  • 6 El-Hassani Hotel, 34A Oni St, Oka (east of airport), +234 8166701550. This hotel is close to the airport and has a modern look with gate, restaurant/bar, and wifi. ₦15140.


For most locations in the Benin, there is coverage of the 2G/3G/4G mobile networks. Signal strength usually diminishes further away from the center of the city, and you might occasionally experience network outage for all or some of the mobile phone service providers in the remote areas of the city. All major mobile phone service providers are operational but with varying levels of reliability and usability. Different providers networks tend to be more stable and reliable in different locations of the city at different times.

If you are planning a visit to Benin city, like many other places in Nigeria, you should probably consider having multiple SIM cards, preferably for all the mobile service providers, since you can't tell which will be more stable and reliable at a time in your location during your visit. And if you will risk not having any of them, you might be better off not risking the MTN network, because, from indications, it seem to perform well than the others, though its rates may be high and its offers and services might be stringent, but you are less likely to be concerned of erratic voice and data connection compared to others.

Airtel is another service provider which is fairly satisfactory for all you might need to connect to the world, including rates and network stability. Of course, Glo (or Globacom) boasts of fast network speed for internet browsing activities, only that you might not be able to enjoy the privilege in some locations. And 9Mobile (formerly Etisalat) usually also performs well in internet browsing speed but with locational limitations as well, plus data rate is fairly higher.

Go nextEdit

This city travel guide to Benin City is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.