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Travel topics > Natural attractions > National parks and protected areas of the Philippines

The Philippines has over 240 national parks and protected areas, encompassing about 15% of the country's land area. They are managed by the Philippines' Department of Environment and Natural Resources through its Biodiversity Management Bureau.

UnderstandEdit

The Philippine national park and protected area system date back to the American colonial era. The first national parks established were nature reserves in Bataan (Lamao), Laguna (Caliraya), Negros Occidental (La Carlota), Zamboanga, Pampanga (Mount Arayat) and Isabela. Forests were soon included, starting with Mount Makiling. The first formal national park is Mount Arayat National Park in Pampanga, founded in 1932. Further areas were added since the postwar era, and the present system have been outlined in the National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) Act in 1992.

Under NIPAS, protected areas in the Philippines are categorized as: national parks, protected areas, natural monuments, protected landscapes, protected landscapes and seascapes, protected seascapes, game refuges and bird sanctuaries, resource reserves, managed resource protected areas, marine reserves, watershed forest reserves, natural biotic areas, wildlife sanctuaries, and wilderness areas. Our guide rather goes on a simpler approach, dividing things into national parks and protected landscapes, i.e. all those not categorized as national parks.

National parksEdit

There are 94 designated national parks in the Philippines, the latest additions being in Cagayan Valley. A shaded background indicates a park designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

LuzonEdit

Name Location Image Area Established
1 Aurora Memorial National Park   Aurora and Nueva Ecija 5,676 ha (14,030 acres)
2 Balbasang-Balbalan National Park   Kalinga 1,338 ha (3,310 acres)
Bangan Hill National Park Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya 13.90 ha (34.3 acres)
3 Bataan National Park   Bataan 23,688 ha (58,530 acres) 1945
4 Biak-na-bato National Park   San Miguel, Bulacan 854 ha (2,110 acres)
Caramoan National Park Caramoan, Camarines Sur 347 ha (860 acres)
Cassamata Hill National Park Abra 67 ha (170 acres) 1972
Fuyot Springs National Park Ilagan, Isabela 819 ha (2,020 acres) 1938
5 Hundred Islands National Park   Alaminos, Pangasinan 1,676 ha (4,140 acres) 1940
Libmanan Caves National Park Libmanan, Camarines Sur 19.40 ha (47.9 acres) 1934
6 Luneta National Park   Ermita, Manila 58 ha (140 acres) 1955
Minalungao National Park General Tinio, Nueva Ecija 2,018 ha (4,990 acres) 1967
Mount Arayat National Park Arayat, Pampanga 3,715 ha (9,180 acres) 1930
Mount Data National Park Benguet and Mountain Province 5,512 ha (13,620 acres)
Mount Iglit-Baco National Park Baco, Mindoro 5,676 ha (14,030 acres)
7 Mount Pulag National Park Benguet, Ifugao, and Nueva Vizcaya 11,150 ha (27,600 acres)
Naujan Lake National Park Naujan, Mindoro 21,655 ha (53,510 acres)
Northern Luzon Heroes Hill National Park Ilocos Sur 5,676 ha (14,030 acres) 1963
Olongapo Naval Base Perimeter National Park Olongapo, Zambales 9 ha (22 acres)
Pagsanjan Gorge National Park Pagsanjan, Laguna 153 ha (380 acres)
Paoay Lake National Park Paoay, Ilocos Norte 340 ha (840 acres)
8 Quezon Memorial Circle National Park Quezon City 23 ha (57 acres) 1975

VisayasEdit

Name Location Image Area Established
Bulabog Putian National Park Iloilo 854 ha (2,110 acres)
Guadalupe Mabugnao Mainit Hot Springs National Park Carcar, Cebu 58 ha (140 acres)
Kuapnit Balinsasayao National Park Tacloban, Leyte 364 ha (900 acres)
McArthur Landing Memorial National Park Palo, Leyte 7 ha (17 acres)

MindanaoEdit

Name Location Image Area Established
Lake Butig National Park Butig, Lanao del Sur 68 ha (170 acres)
Lake Dapao National Park Pualas, Lanao del Sur 1,500 ha (3,700 acres)
Mado Hot Spring National Park Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao 48 ha (120 acres)
Mount Dajo National Park Jolo Island, Sulu 213 ha (530 acres)
Pantuwaraya Lake National Park Marawi, Lanao del Sur 20 ha (49 acres)

PalawanEdit

Name Location Image Area Established
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park Puerto Princesa, Palawan 22,202 ha (54,860 acres)

Protected landscapesEdit

Our list of protected areas include all the other types of nature reserves under NIPAS, from natural parks to wilderness areas.

Natural parksEdit

There are 25 natural parks as of 2010, the last addition being Tubbataha Reef Natural Park.

LuzonEdit

Name Location Image Area Established
Apo Reef Natural Park San Jose, Mindoro 15,792 ha (39,020 acres)
Bicol Natural Park Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur 5,201 ha (12,850 acres)
Bongsanglay Natural Park Batuan, Masbate 48 ha (120 acres)
Bulusan Natural Park Sorsogon 244 ha (600 acres)
Kalbario-Patapat Natural Park Ilocos Norte 3,800 ha (9,400 acres) 2007
Mayon Volcano Natural Park Albay 5,776 ha (14,270 acres) 2000
Mount Isarog National Park Camarines Sur 10,112 ha (24,990 acres)
North Sierra Madre Natural Park Isabela 359,486 ha (888,310 acres)

Natural monumentsEdit

There are 4 designated natural monuments, which are mostly small features which are protected for their special character.

Protected landscapesEdit

LuzonEdit

Name Location Image Area Established
Amro River Protected Landscape Casiguran, Aurora 6,471 ha (15,990 acres) 2000
Bigbiga Protected Landscape Narvacan, Ilocos Sur 136 ha (340 acres) 2000
Buenavista Protected Landscape Buenavista, Quezon 284 ha (700 acres) 2000
Casecnan Protected Landscape Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya 88,846 ha (219,540 acres)
Dinadiawan River Protected Landscape Dipaculao, Aurora 244 ha (600 acres) 2000
Hinulugang Taktak Protected Landscape Antipolo, Rizal 3,800 ha (9,400 acres) 2000
Libunao Protected Landscape Ilocos Sur 47 ha (120 acres) 2000
Lidlidda Protected Landscape Ilocos Sur 1,157 ha (2,860 acres) 2000
Magapit Protected Landscape Lal-lo, Cagayan 3,404 ha (8,410 acres) 2000
Manleluag Spring Protected Landscape Mangatarem, Pangasinan 1,935 ha (4,780 acres) 2004
Maulawin Spring Protected Landscape Guinayangan, Quezon 149 ha (370 acres) 2000
Mount Banahaw-San Cristobal Protected Landscape Laguna and Quezon 10,901 ha (26,940 acres) 2000
Mount Palay-Palay–Mataas-na-Gulod Protected Landscape Cavite and Batangas 3,973 ha (9,820 acres) 2007
Pamitinan Protected Landscape Rodriguez, Rizal 600 ha (1,500 acres) 1996
Quezon Protected Landscape Quezon 938 ha (2,320 acres) 2003
Quirino Protected Landscape Quirino 164,364 ha (406,150 acres) 2005
Roosevelt Protected Landscape Bataan 786 ha (1,940 acres) 2000
Santa Lucia Protected Landscape Ilocos Sur 174 ha (430 acres) 2000
Simbahan-Talagas Protected Landscape Dinalungan, Aurora 2,267 ha (5,600 acres) 2000
Taal Volcano Protected Landscape Batangas 62,292 ha (153,930 acres) 1996

Stay safeEdit

RespectEdit

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