After the Three Views were composed in the 17th century, many authors have come up with their own lists of Japanese sites and attractions. While there are countless lists and variations thereof, here is a selection of the best-known ones:
- Sankei (三景). The most famous list of them all, attributed to scholar Hayashi Gahō back in 1643.
New Three ViewsEdit
Three Great Night ViewsEdit
- Hakodate seen from Mount Hakodate
- Kobe and Osaka Bay seen from Mount Rokko
- Nagasaki seen from Mount Inasa
New Three Great Night ViewsEdit
- Kitakyushu seen from Mount Sarakurayama,
- Nara seen from Mount Wakakusayama
- Yamanashi seen from Fuefuki River Fruit Park
Three Famous CastlesEdit
三名城 Sanmeijō. A list written by Ogyu Sorai in the Edo Period. He chose these three castles as the top among those designed by Kato Kiyomasa and Todo Takatora who he considered to be the best castle designers. All three are modern reconstructions, since Kumamoto Castle burned down during the 1877 Satsuma Rebellion and Nagoya and Osaka Castles were destroyed during World War II.
Three Great Mountain CastlesEdit
Three Great Flatland Mountain CastlesEdit
- Himeji Castle in Himeji, Hyogo. Famed for its brilliant white exterior, Himeji survived both the Meiji Reformation and World War II largely unscathed and is generally considered the finest surviving example of a Japanese castle.
- Matsuyama Castle in Matsuyama, Ehime
- Tsuyama Castle in Tsuyama, Okayama
Three Famous GardensEdit
Three Great FestivalsEdit
Three Great Festivals of TohokuEdit
Three Great Festivals of KyotoEdit
- Gion Matsuri
- Aoi Matsuri
- Jidai Matsuri
Three Great Festivals of ShikokuEdit
Three Great Obon FestivalsEdit
Three Great FireworksEdit
- Omagari Fireworks (Daisen, Akita)
- Tsuchiura All Japan Fireworks (Tsuchiura, Ibaraki)
- Nagaoka Fireworks (Nagaoka, Niigata)
Certainly one of the more hotly contested categories. (No pun intended).
Three Great Hot SpringsEdit
Three Famous SpringsEdit
三名泉 Sanmeisen. Authored by Hayashi Razan, father of Hayashi Gahō.
Three Old SpringsEdit
Three Baths of FusōEdit
扶桑三名湯 Fusō-sanmeiyu. Fusō is a poetic name for Japan and this one is credited to traveling haiku poet Matsuo Basho.
Three Great Inari ShrinesEdit
三大稲荷 Sandai Inari
- Fushimi Inari Shrine, Kyoto
- Toyokawa Inari Shrine, Aichi
- Saijō Inari, Okayama or Yūtoku Inari Shrine, Kashima
As the head of all Inari shrines, Fushimi Inari Shrine is naturally one of the top three, but there is little historical or present consensus on the others. After Fushimi Inari, the list varies depending on the source. Takekoma Shrine in Iwanuma and Kasuma Inari Shrine in Kasama are also suggested by some.
Three Great Tenjin ShrinesEdit
三大天神 Sandai Tenjin
- Kitano Tenman-gū in Kyoto, Kyoto
- Dazaifu Tenman-gū in Dazaifu, Fukuoka
- Hōfu Tenman-gū in Hofu, Yamaguchi
All Tenjin (Tenmangu) shrines are dedicated to the worship of Sugawara Michizane. This top three list actually highlights his exile from Kyoto to Dazaifu. Along the way, he stopped in Hofu and built the first Tenjin shrine. Official dedication of shrines to him began after his death when a series of natural disasters and tragedies in the capital were believed to be caused by his restless soul seeking vengeance for his unjust exile. Kitano Tenmangu was built to pacify him.
Three Great Hachiman ShrinesEdit
三八幡 San Hachiman
- Usa Hachimangu Shrine (Usa, Oita)
- Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine (Yawata, Kyoto)
- Hakozaki Hachimangu Shrine (Fukuoka, Fukuoka)
Three Great ToriiEdit
三大鳥居 Sandai Torii
Three Sacred GroundsEdit
Three Holy Places of ŌshūEdit
奥州三霊場 Ōshū sanreijō are the three most famous pilgrimage sites in the ancient land of Oku (奥), now known as Tohoku.
Three Famous Big BuddhasEdit
Three Hase TemplesEdit
Three Famous MountainsEdit
三名山 Sanmeizan (Three Famous Mountains), also 三霊山 Sanreizan (Three Sacred Mountains)
Three Hidden RegionsEdit
Top Three GorgesEdit
Three Pine GrovesEdit
- Miho no Matsubara (Shizuoka, Shizuoka)
- Niji no Matsubara (Karatsu, Saga)
- Kehi no Matsubara (Tsuruga, Fukui)
Three Sake TownsEdit
Three Lacquerware TownsEdit
- Sapporo Ramen (Sapporo, Hokkaido)
- Kitakata Ramen (Kitakata, Fukushima)
- Hakata Ramen (Fukuoka, Fukuoka)
Some sources also claim Yonezawa Beef (Yonezawa) is one of the top three beefs.